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Dielectric and Shear Mechanical Relaxation in Glass Forming Liquids
Speciale, 3. modul, 2003, id:195
Vejleder:Niels Boye Olsen
Findes på RUb:Ja
English abstract
The goal of this thesis is to elucidate whether a relation can be established between shear mechanical and dielectric relaxation in glass forming liquids. The starting point is a genralized Debye model, which has been proposed by Dimarzio & Bishop (1974). The DiMarzip-Bishop model is thoroughly analyzed and reformulated in such a way that different unphysical simplifications that have been used earlier, are avoided. New testable qualitative predictions of the DiMarzio-Bishop model are formulated and the model is put in a form where quantitative tests can be made by using only one macroscopic parameter. The DiMarzio-Bishop model is tested by extensive dielectric and shear mechanical measurements on various molecular liquids. The shear mechanical measurements are performed using a transducer that has been deeloped at IMFUFA by Christensen & Olsen (1995). This transducer allows measurements to be made in an exceptionally large frequency range (1mHz-50kHz). The systematic errors and uncertainties of the two measuring methods are analyzed in detail. Furthermore these errors and uncertainties are taken into account in the reformulation and tests of the DiMarzio-Bishop model. It is found that the DiMarzio-Bishop model to a large extend has qualitative agreement with our data and data form the literature, whereas the quantitative agreement is moderate or poor depending on the liquid tested. This suggests that the model is too coarse grained to capture details of the relaxation processes, but that it does in fact capture the fundamentals of the physics involved, and consequently that there is a direct relation between shear mechanical relaxation and dielectric relaxation.

Database opslag den: 23-01-2021